» » Ліріодендрон тюльпанний (Liriodendron tulipifera L.)

Ліріодендрон тюльпанний (Liriodendron tulipifera L.)

Ліріодендрон тюльпановий (Liriodendron tulipifera) — вид рослин роду Ліріодендрон, найближчий родичмагнолії.

Родова назва означає «дерево-ліра». Так його назвали за оригінальну форму листків, яка притаманна тільки йому. А тюльпановим його називають за пахучі квіти жовтогарячого кольору, які зовнішнім виглядом нагадують тюльпани.

Листяне дерево, що скидає листя на зиму. Квіти великі, до 6 см у діаметрі, поодинокі, зеленувато-жовтуваті. Восени на місці квіток дозрівають видовжені плоди коричневого кольору. Ліріодендрон доживає до 500 років.

Тюльпанове дерево веде свій родовід із Північної Америки, де воно поширене від Індіани й Пенсильванії до Флориди й Арканзасу. Ростуть ліріодендрони поодиноко та невеликими групами. Найбільші екземпляри можна зустріти лише в басейні річки Охіе. Висота таких дерев досягає 60 м, а діаметр стовбура — 3 м. Найкращий час для огляду ліріодендрона — у червні, коли він увесь вкривається квітами.

У Журавному Львівської області росте 300-літнє тюльпанове дерево. Цвіте, зокрема, в Ужгороді. Понад 120 років його вирощують у ботанічних садах Києва. У Ботанічному саду ім. М.Гришка розквітає на початку червня. Квітне і в Ботанічному саду ім. О.Фоміна. Зустрічається воно також і в деяких інших старих парках та дендраріях, зокрема, дендропарку НЛТУ, парку Олеському замку, Стрийському парку. Тюльпанове дерево у Ворзелі (посаджене в 1914) — одне із найбільших в Україні. Його висота становить близько 30 м, а діаметр стовбура - понад 1 м.

Широко використовується у декоративному озеленені. Тюльпанове дерево швидко росте і дає не дуже тверду, але легку й міцну деревину, що придатна для виготовлення меблів.




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